Analysis of the Lithology of Đông Lâm Pottery (Bắc Giang Province, Vietnam)

Institute of Archaeology, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, Vietnam

Đông Lâm Archaeological Site in Hương Lâm Commune, Hiệp Hòa District, Bắc Giang Province (Northern Vietnam) was discovered in 1968, then excavated by the Institute of Archaeology in conjunction with Bắc Giang Museum in 1968 and 2002. The results of the two excavations demonstrated that Đông Lâm was a Metal Age residential settlement with quite rich cultural remains belonging to various developmental stages. Đông Lâm is of especial significance as it is the only Metal age site discovered and excavated in the Bắc Giang region. However, interpretation of the archaeological and cultural sequences at Đông Lâm have been rather inconsistent and poorly defined. Addressing outstanding issues regarding the timing and duration, and nature of occupation will not only enhance our understanding of Đông Lâm, but also contribute to planning programs to preserve and promote the cultural heritage values of the province. Đông Lâm produced a variety of artefacts including stone, bronze, and bone. In this presentation, we focus on the analysis of the pottery. Previous studies on pottery in Đông Lâm in particular, and pottery in Vietnam more generally, has tended to be orientated towards qualitative descriptions, without much in-depth analytical research. The current project took a different approach, and we applied ceramic thin section and X-ray fluorescence to determine the petrographic composition of ceramics. The aim is to identify raw material acquisition and manufacturing strategies, and to date the ceramics. It is hoped this will contribute to the building a database on prehistoric pottery in Vietnam.