Starting with calamities, such as the Taal volcanic eruption in the Philippines and the Australian bushfires, and moving into a global COVID-19 pandemic, 2020 produced a surfeit of global and local catastrophes. Archaeology, which provides long-term perspectives, is uniquely positioned to demonstrate how societies have previously adapted to catastrophes, such as climate change, pandemics, natural disasters, as well as economic and government collapse. This session aims to highlight multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary approaches and case studies of resilience based on the archaeological and environmental records during traumatic times, when the way of life and material conditions are overwhelmingly interrupted. We welcome papers on how material culture, food and foodways, technology, indigenous knowledge and practices, as well as ritual behaviour helped (or hindered) the survival of people in the Indo-Pacific region during natural disasters (e.g., earthquakes, disease, climate change) and/or social disasters (colonialism, economic collapse, etc.), as well as made them resilient and sustainable even after the crisis period.